What is the council-manager form of government?

The council-manager form is the system of local government that combines the strong political leadership of elected officials in the form of a council or other governing body, with the strong managerial experience of an appointed local government manager. The form establishes a representative system where all power is concentrated in the elected council and where the council hires a professionally trained manager to oversee the delivery of public services.

In council-manager government, council members are the leaders and policy makers elected to represent various segments of the community and to concentrate on policy issues that are responsive to citizens' needs and wishes. The manager is appointed by council to carry out policy and ensure that the entire community is being served. If the manager is not responsive to the council's wishes, the council has authority to terminate the manager at any time. In that sense, a manager's responsiveness is tested daily.

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1. What is the council-manager form of government?
2. What is the City Council's role?
3. What is the City Manager's function?
4. What is the role of the mayor?
5. Does the City Manager participate in determining city policy?
6. Are all council-manager governments structured the same way?
7. Is this form of government used only in certain kinds of cities?
8. Where can I learn more about the information found in previous questions?